The Economics That Made Boeing Build the 737 Max

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Animation by Josh Sherrington
Sound by Graham Haerther (
Thumbnail by Simon Buckmaster
Special thanks to Patreon supporters Adam Chelminski, Arkadiy Kulev, Charles Zilinski, Chris Allen, Connor J Smith, Daddy Donald, Etienne Dechamps, Eyal Matsliah, Hank Green, John & Becki Johnston, Kyle, MyNameIsKir, Plinio Correa, Qui Le, Remi_Scarlet, Tom Dooner, Tyler Hamm, and Vaughn Mudrick
Music by
Select footage courtesy the AP Archive
Select footage courtesy Bigstock:
Southwest 737 MAX landing and takeoff shots, Spirit a320 taxi shot courtesy PDX aviation




  • Hey all, I hope you find this video interesting. It is meant to provide an overview of what led to Boeing creating the 737 MAX rather than giving a comprehensive overview of the factors leading to the two crashes and the issues with MCAS so the explanation on that is quick. If you want to learn more about that, I would suggest starting with this article: Also, for the first time ever, we're taking topic suggestions for future Wendover videos. If we end up using your topic, we'll send you a free Wendover t-shirt in gratitude. Submit your ideas here:

    Wendover ProductionsWendover ProductionsΠριν 2 μήνες
    • @Alastair Barkley At the time of the accident, they did not, because there were only two in existence: one owned by Boeing and the other by United. What they have now I haven't looked into, but they routinely falsified flight time and maintenance records and have been censored by EASA about it in the recent past for flying without meeting the minimum equipment list and with exhausted flight crews, and have been doing it for decades as they've faced shortages (I'll leave the politics of why out of this, but it has to do with Apartheid ending in South Africa … yeah, it's a mess). Just because you're a Star Alliance member doesn't mean much of anything when it comes to safety records, it just means you have a good route network that somebody else wants to use.

      jec6613jec6613Πριν 3 ημέρες
    • @Ali Baba You should start up airline then. Buy up all the 737Max cancelled orders and Boeing no-hope over production. You can get good deals on a new 737Max ATM. Practically giving them away. Your passengers may not share your love of Boeing, though..

      Alastair BarkleyAlastair BarkleyΠριν 3 ημέρες
    • @jec6613 Is it not true that Ethiopian Airlines - a carrier with a first-rate safety record and Star Alliance codeshare membership - was one of the very few airlines to have purchased a 737-Max simulator? One that EA pilots trained on? Because of the type rating sleight of hand pulled by Boeing, there were almost no 737Max simulators in existence. But Ethiopian Airlines DID have one. That hardly suggests negligent crew training.

      Alastair BarkleyAlastair BarkleyΠριν 3 ημέρες
    • I have a suggestion; the producers of this article should watch blancoliro channel updates on this issue before, before making a follow up to this. No customer strong arms a company to build an inferior product to destroy their business, do they? Boeing doesn't build planes to crash so they can sell more of them, do they?

      SweetteawillieSweetteawillieΠριν 10 ημέρες
    • Lots of source information from other news agencies but limited information from tech and safety sources? One US carrier has more of these aircraft that didn't crash when they were in use. Why is that?

      SweetteawillieSweetteawillieΠριν 10 ημέρες
  • A minor flaw....

    GabrielKirovGabrielKirovΠριν ώρα
  • Idea just put a suspension that can raise and lower on the landing gear so it can go up for take off and on the ground the ground crew could put some things on the bottom of it form touching the ground

    Eric Patel - Fletchers Creek Sr PS (1574)Eric Patel - Fletchers Creek Sr PS (1574)Πριν 17 ώρες
  • Even with all the basic shit Boeing put in the Max, they were too cheap to let buyers know of the pitch sensor. Pilots were not instructed to learn how to shut off the sensor if it was malfunctioning and it cost hundreds of lives with two crashes. Unacceptable. This is what happens when greed and money is the bottom line.

    that aint ordinary bruhthat aint ordinary bruhΠριν 19 ώρες
  • pilot memory not there anymore. runaway stab, shut down at once.

    Alicia TruglioAlicia TruglioΠριν ημέρα
  • Excellent video man. Very informative, subbed!

    Chainsaw Guts FuckChainsaw Guts FuckΠριν 2 ημέρες
  • I know of no aircraft that can be turned on just by the flick of a switch, the on screen warnings are in the Max, and the cable don't physically move the flight control surfaces.

    Russian BiasRussian BiasΠριν 2 ημέρες
  • Awesome and full information documentary. Better than Nat Geo or Discovery. That's why this channel has reached 2 MI subscribers. Greetings from Brazil.

    in-depth flightsimin-depth flightsimΠριν 3 ημέρες
  • Boeing knew that was a possibility though, miss me with that “hasty decision, made by hasty brains...” BS! MCAS proves there was a known issue

    HeavyIzThaCrown -HeavyIzThaCrown -Πριν 3 ημέρες
  • You say that if the Angle of Attack sensor "is broken" ... whatever that may mean. But the sad fact is that the public still does not know WHY the AoA sensor(s) in both crashes were sending erroneous data to the MCAS. Were the sensor(s) malfunctioning? Maybe Boeing knows, but if they do - that's their dirty secret! The work-around should ensure that the MCAS needs corresponding data from at least 2 AoA sensors before it will be activated - but that's just a work-around. The real cause may lie in the data transmission or in the microprocessors. The work-around is just a band-aid for a festering wound. It may reduce the risk of more crashes, but it won't solve the problem!

    christian gibsonchristian gibsonΠριν 3 ημέρες
  • Seems like a major error for Boeing!

    Hammer LaneHammer LaneΠριν 3 ημέρες
  • Has anybody noticed how Airbus has made no comment about the 737 debacle? Not a peep. And anybody who claimed "if the boot was on the other foot, Boeing would be all over it with anti-Airbus spin..." would be WRONG. Boeing and Airbus need each other. This mighty commercial airline duopoly really suits them. In some years, Boeing has the upper hand and sells more planes; other times it's Airbus in the lead (like now). But, for both companies, the airliner business is HUGELY profitable, regardless of their other (military) contracts. It's in Airbus's interest that Boeing is as little damaged as possible by 737Max fallout, particularly - as we are seeing - Airbus simply doesn't have the spare manufacturing capacity to pick up a sharp increase in orders. Boeing wouldn't have either. In any case, the Big Two don't like outside competition - they either buy it up like Embraer (Boeing) and Bombardier (Airbus) or they try to infiltrate it as both Airbus and Boeing have for the manufacture of the Chinese C919.

    Alastair BarkleyAlastair BarkleyΠριν 3 ημέρες
  • The bean counters at boeing caused this, even before the tragic flights of the max, I took a long trip on their dreamliner and I hated it, it was cramped, and had no ability to adjust your own individual ac air flow like on other planes, guess their bean counters save a few beans on that. I remember telling a family member that I would never willingly fly on that plane model again. Pure example of american greed, they made billions but got even more greedy. And now instead of firing these guys they let them retire with full benefits. Yes the big airlines may be your customers but you completely failed to consider the end user which are the travelers, they are the ones who employ the big airline companies. RIP to the families who lost loved ones on this poorly designed plane just so that it could match the airbus engine. Just my personal opinion on this issue, I hope airbus never gets to be this greedy and continues to build planes that consider not only their direct customers, but also the end users.

    julinijuliniΠριν 4 ημέρες
  • The 737 Max is actually a good aircraft. It just has some problems that need to be fixed. I actually want to fly on the 737 Max. The DC-10 was a good aircraft and so can the 737 Max. That why I still have faith in the program.

    Mild GutsMild GutsΠριν 4 ημέρες
    • The DC-10 is an excellent aircraft. Only, not for flying passengers. FedEx, Lufthansa and others use the DC-10 for cargo freight. Passengers haven't used it for about two decades. The de Havilland Comet was a FANTASTIC aircraft too - once its lethal flaws had been removed. Despite their excellentness and fantasticness, neither the Comet or the DC-10 can be considered commercial successes. Financial lame ducks, more like.

      Alastair BarkleyAlastair BarkleyΠριν 3 ημέρες
  • A lot of inaccuracies regarding B737 MAX and its competitor A320 NEO. They are Both THE SAME PLANES AS 30 YEARS AGO. OkK B737 is a little older BUT the same politics like 737 are also applied at A320 aircraft. They are both not required any new training(except the new engine which is the same LEAP1 for both NEO and MAX.The first A320 that came out at early 90's has nothing to do with the new A320 "enhanced" -NOT NEO-.Several serious navigation systems like ADIRU's for example that they have an auto align feature and even whole control panels are missing from cockpit. still not required by Airbus new training for Enhanced to classic differences. So as a conclusion both companies did the same staff wrong , only the B737 as a Short leg aircraft needed modifications in engine Pylon and a Bigger tailplane, that could save the whole project if there was not the Bad MCAS S/Ware and the absence of training against this Speed Trim Function that works perfect on NG's but MCAS is not OK yet.

    Ελευθέριος ΦεσσάςΕλευθέριος ΦεσσάςΠριν 4 ημέρες
  • why didn't they instead of using a sensor like that use a gyroscopic one it would have been way more accurate

    shadowXXeshadowXXeΠριν 4 ημέρες
  • MCAS possibilities: 1. Mass Coffin Automated System 2. Most Cunning Attack Strike 3. Most Crappy Airplane System You guys should reply more...

    Minecraft NotchMinecraft NotchΠριν 4 ημέρες
    • [Uno reverse card]

      Sam-sung a songSam-sung a songΠριν 3 ημέρες
  • In other words Boeing is the Apple of aviation industry

    kayserikaykayserikayΠριν 5 ημέρες
    • Eh no. That’s Lockheed.

      breadbasketbirbbreadbasketbirbΠριν ημέρα
  • Excellent documentary.

    timm mcdonaldtimm mcdonaldΠριν 5 ημέρες
  • Just remove the stupid flight computer that push the plane down till crash non flight computer must not cause crash must not over power the pilots who try to save the plane

    willsonnsswillsonnssΠριν 5 ημέρες
  • American Airlines met a REAL salesman at airbus...holy order, 460 airplanes at one clip??

    Dynamic SolutionDynamic SolutionΠριν 5 ημέρες
  • Start at 8:51

    cleanview70cleanview70Πριν 6 ημέρες
  • No Boeing for me, please, I'll take the (air)bus !

    Georges J.Georges J.Πριν 6 ημέρες
  • I can't help but notice that your voice has gotten much deeper in your more recent videos. Just me?

    RaynRaynΠριν 6 ημέρες
  • Time to go back to formula

    nashwalker7nashwalker7Πριν 6 ημέρες
  • Everything in the video boils down to a simple premise --- profit over people.

    Chris RobatoChris RobatoΠριν 7 ημέρες
  • That rudder I think was from TAROM

    Pui De ZmeuPui De ZmeuΠριν 7 ημέρες
  • This video is brought to you by Airbus

    bmused55bmused55Πριν 8 ημέρες
  • This is a 1960 s aircraft expanded beyond its original design breif so it becomes a failed design.This was done because boeing failed to design a new aircraft due to costs to compete with the airbus. It was left with a 1960s design with modifications which turned out to be what history discribes as a flying coffin. Instead of making the FAA modifications for certification,placing the engines under the wing a new tail section and removing the introduced fuselage modifications.Boeing tried to intoduce a computer to fly this unstable design.This failed and around 400 died.The industry want the scrapage scheme to start as history dictates from the DC10 disasters.The world is waiting for photo evidence of the remaining planes been scraped so the world can move on. I will be interested to read history books in the future on how far this goes into government? How much the political parties received to turn a blind eye from Boeing or its shareholder?

    Dr Peter jonesDr Peter jonesΠριν 8 ημέρες
  • Excellent information, as always, but your delivery is choppy. Slow down a bit and these videos will be totally enjoyable.

    Richard TibbittsRichard TibbittsΠριν 8 ημέρες
  • boeing 737 max is the biggest scandal in aviation history. Every country must ban the deadly 737 max from their airspace for good. boeing prioritized profit over safety in hopes of competing against the Airbus A320 neo.

    Eyob I.Eyob I.Πριν 8 ημέρες
  • Airbus philosophy is the future. It is a fact!

    Tarcisio AlvesTarcisio AlvesΠριν 8 ημέρες
  • They could care less about the people it is all about the money. You won't catch me on one of those death traps. The Boeing CEO is not even man enough that he was wrong. He made it seem like it was the pilots fault.

    Robert ClintRobert ClintΠριν 8 ημέρες
  • Beautiful KPHX view @ 2:16 7:33 is my favorite. @ 5:57 "American strong armed Boeing into Re-Engining their 737 rather than building a new 737"

    uruG SandhuuruG SandhuΠριν 9 ημέρες
  • An $89 million price tag? Wow! How can airlines make any money on buying that? It’s only an aluminium tube, with wheels and engines 😳

  • I wonder if there is a generational factor involved as all the old Boeing engineers are retiring and the new engineers may not have had SAFETY-is-#1 drilled into their bones. i.e. what about SPOF (single point of failure) and FMEA (failure mode and effects analysis). It is hard for me to believe there was not multiple redundant AOA sensors, and that critical safety systems were optional items and not mandatory. Who wants to live with a slogan like: "Boeing - where safety is optional"?

    perf bperf bΠριν 9 ημέρες
  • Nice, Bahrain @7:09

    Alex HurterAlex HurterΠριν 9 ημέρες
  • The only solution is to go back to the drawing board and re-positiion the engines that has created this problem. No software solution for a major structural design problem. Cost of course for Boeing but their integrity on safety should overide all financial issues.

    Stephen JeganathanStephen JeganathanΠριν 9 ημέρες
  • Hasty, you mean greedy. I will never fly on any boeing aircraft. Least of all ryanair.

    ron wron wΠριν 9 ημέρες
    • @CJTheDudeWhoPlays Games Is that a question or a statement ?

      ron wron wΠριν 5 ημέρες
    • ron w why Boeing is safe

      CJTheDudeWhoPlays GamesCJTheDudeWhoPlays GamesΠριν 5 ημέρες
  • It is never about economics, man, engineering rules all, always. This is AVIATION, not just some stupid balance sheet from accountants, how dare they against engineering??? See, this is what happens when idiots like accountants go against engineering, now, Boeing is fucked, those moronic accountants will have to loose their jobs soon as well, lol.

    Hu JiamingHu JiamingΠριν 9 ημέρες
  • So, as usual, the deepest foundation of the accident is that our economy holds next quarter's and next year's profits as more important than literally everything else.

    AnimeSunglassesAnimeSunglassesΠριν 9 ημέρες
  • The 737 Max needed Wix software in their MCAS system

  • While I am hardly familiar with the FAA's regulations thereby I may be mistaken, I believe that the 737 max's issues are a culmination of several issues, and that one of the driving factors of these tragedies is a poorly thought out piece of regulation by the FAA being that for Boeing to add the necessary sensors for the MCAS to reliably do it's job in the background, airlines would have had to make pilots go through hours of simulator training to learn how to fly a plane that flies exactly the same.Thereby I believe that Boeing was caught in between a rock and a hard place on this and did their best, although I acknowledge that Boeing should have notified the pilots about the existence of MCAS.

    Wh0_Am_ 1Wh0_Am_ 1Πριν 10 ημέρες
    • @Zhi Han Lee Fair enough.

      Wh0_Am_ 1Wh0_Am_ 1Πριν 9 ημέρες
    • IIRC Boeing feared that informing the users of MCAS' existence will make the MAX appear more different from older 737s, and thus increase the chance that the FAA would required the 737 to be re-certified, with its attendant costs. Same reason why they didn't add an additional sensor for MCAS' operation. I rmb Boeing also believed that existing stall/runway trim recovery procedures (carried over from older 737s) would be sufficient for pilots to deal with a malfunctioning MCAS, but I guess apparently not

      Zhi Han LeeZhi Han LeeΠριν 9 ημέρες
  • Such an informative video!

    Brian CBrian CΠριν 10 ημέρες
  • "Most modern airplanes can be turned on by fliping a switch" mmmm no.. depending on what you understand by turning on.. the entire systems to ready to fly? or just the engine? In the first Airbuses for example do require several steps for a cold start .. for the engines if im not mistaken the 737 MAX also has a single switch for the engine on/off .. and it also requieres some checking before like all others.. Light aircraft dont count here and they also require setting car heater , magnetos, mix and some stuff

    sparrowJLTsparrowJLTΠριν 10 ημέρες
  • Now the Boeing 737 is the safest plane as none are flying so that means there will be zero deaths!

    Spotty CargoSpotty CargoΠριν 10 ημέρες
    • @HungLee No.

      Flight 32XFlight 32XΠριν ημέρα
    • @Flight 32X It's a joke. Do I have to explain?

      HungLeeHungLeeΠριν 2 ημέρες
    • @DerpCakeFlies He is wrong. To be a safe plane, it has to fly.

      Flight 32XFlight 32XΠριν 6 ημέρες
    • It's not the safest plane as to be the safest plane, it has to fly. Read the definition next time before commenting :L

      Flight 32XFlight 32XΠριν 6 ημέρες
    • to some extent, ur not wrong XD

      DerpCakeFliesDerpCakeFliesΠριν 7 ημέρες
  • 2 minutes in and it sounds pretty damn biased to me... I'll stick to the blancolirio channel.

    KISSMYACE3203KISSMYACE3203Πριν 10 ημέρες
    • KISSMYACE3203 I concur! Better information.

      SweetteawillieSweetteawillieΠριν 10 ημέρες

    Sylwester WoodestSylwester WoodestΠριν 10 ημέρες
  • The future of the 737 MAX is still up in the air.

    namtonthatnamtonthatΠριν 11 ημέρες
  • They should of just built a new plane, sometimes you just got to let a particular model rest. Yes it would be expensive but probably not as much as it is now with all the fixes it needs.

    Danarius M.Danarius M.Πριν 11 ημέρες
  • The 737max is not a cheap, small plane. It is an expensive, large paperweight.

    Massimo O'KissedMassimo O'KissedΠριν 11 ημέρες
  • Boeing pushed the "design" to far and the FAA let "self regulation" go to far. "If you think safety is expensive. Try an accident."

    AV8TORAV8TORΠριν 11 ημέρες
  • Max casualties

    Paul anonPaul anonΠριν 11 ημέρες
  • Good information to understand what drove Boeing to consider building the 737 MAX. But, the reason for the crashes is related to the FAA's hands-off approach to Boeing's safety. When Boeing factory workers and suppliers cut corners to keep production up and maximize profits, any whistleblowers are ignored and/or vilified. Look at Tech Insiders YT video "What's Next for Boeing?" to get a list of their safety lapses.

    dweiss1dweiss1Πριν 11 ημέρες
  • 737 200 still in service pocket rocket they fixed something that didn't need fixing

    jimmy rowhanjimmy rowhanΠριν 12 ημέρες
  • in summary the plane is shitty.....

    WarotimiWarotimiΠριν 12 ημέρες
  • Boeing dun goofed BIG TIME and I hope their stock get SHORTED TO HELL until they announce they're scrapping the 737 and coming up with a new plane. It's time. Nobody will trust whatever "fix" they put on the MAX and MCAS. Engineer the damn thing to be safe from the start.

    TheHvkTheHvkΠριν 12 ημέρες
  • Let’s put CEOs + stockholders and their entire family on test flight!

  • We consumers from now require that every booking system put an indication about which type of the plane! I swear, I will never fly Boeing Max, any max generation. Life is short!

    Taggy DayTaggy DayΠριν 12 ημέρες
  • After this fiasco, I will never ride in another Boeing aircraft ever again. I make sure on the airlines I ride that my planned flights won't be in a Boeing, whether new or old.

    El GuapoEl GuapoΠριν 12 ημέρες
  • MAXimum Fatality

    ShotsFired andMissedShotsFired andMissedΠριν 12 ημέρες
  • What a Good Advert for Airbus

    cheryl taylorcheryl taylorΠριν 12 ημέρες
  • In order to compete with Airbus...this is an example of the failure of free market capitalism. This is a rush to build a subpar product so that they wouldnt lose market share to Airbus. It's a sham. This system is a failure. Boeing is giving $100 Million for the family losses. 100 Million divided by 350 is $285k. That's the cost of a human life apparently.

    BrandonbraunBrandonbraunΠριν 12 ημέρες
  • something something corporate greed derpy derp

    Therion018Therion018Πριν 13 ημέρες
  • There is a variance to your argument about type rating for you to consider. Airbus from the very first 300 series aircraft has had as its design directive to keep the flight deck as similar as possible across the range. In theory, the crew of an A320 could, with minimal to no additional training could take the control of an A330, A350 or even the A380. This follows the Shneiderman's Eight Golden Rules of Interface Design, a theory that was design for software development and UI/UX but applies very well to the design of hardware as well... like for instance, the flight controls of an airplane. Bottom line, Airbus, as a younger more dynamic company has a vision facing forward, where Boeing is relying on steam from the past. An argument could be made that the Dreamliner was Boeing's attempt to look ahead, but again that airliner has also been plagued with issues emanating from poor management decisions.

    Rogelio HernandezRogelio HernandezΠριν 13 ημέρες

    Ted BundyTed BundyΠριν 13 ημέρες
  • Question is, why was it ok to use data from only 1 aoa sensor than both.

    Tey TreetTey TreetΠριν 13 ημέρες
    • It wasn't Best would have been to use 3

      Andreas EklundAndreas EklundΠριν 10 ημέρες
  • This is disgusting.Shows what happens when accountants design an airplane.

    christopher hennesseychristopher hennesseyΠριν 13 ημέρες
  • That was an outstanding video great job!

    Steve-O54Steve-O54Πριν 13 ημέρες
  • I believe author missed the primary reason why Boeing did not pursue a new narrow body aircraft in replacement of the B737. I remember back in 2011 timeframe that Boeing choose to upgrade the 737 because There is no significant gain in fuel efficiency if Boeing built a carbon fiber composite body and wing short haul narrow body aircraft just like the B787 . The aluminum airframe Is still competitive in fuel efficiency for short haul flights.

    Dave ProfetaDave ProfetaΠριν 13 ημέρες
The Economics That Made Boeing Build the 737 Max